This paper assesses the farm-level competitiveness of producing F1 seeds in the Philippines relative to China and India, the world’s major hybrid seed producers. Specifically, yield and input-use in hybrid rice seed production were examined; costs of and returns to producing F1 seeds were estimated and compared; and policies on increasing hybrid seed availability and affordability in the Philippines were recommended.


  • Year Published: 2015
  • ISBN: Pending
  • Pages: 44